epidemic of pneumonia amongst the native labourers on a mine on the Witwatersrand goldfields

Epidemiological and bacteriological considerations. by David Ordman in Johannesburg

Written in English
Published: Downloads: 869
Share This

Edition Notes

From Proceedings of the Transvaal Mine Medical Officers" Association, 17.

ContributionsTransvaal Mine Medical Officers" Association.
The Physical Object
Pagination8 p. ;
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL21389410M

  Debunked: 5 Myths About Pneumonia. Despite renewed global attention and its dramatic toll, pneumonia remains one of the world's least-understood conditions. Let's tackle a few of the leading myths head-on. By Pneumonia can be treated but it can't really be prevented. Pneumonia is one of the major public health problems in children under five years of age. The aim of this study was to analyze the time, place, and characteristics of the distribution of pneumonia in hospitalized children under five years of age at the Dhaulagiri Zonal Hospital (DZH) in Nepal. A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out at DZH from J to Aug for Cited by: 8. Globally, pneumonia remains the leading infectious cause of death in children younger than 5 years. Undernutrition, defined by wasting, stunting, and specific nutritional deficiencies, is associated with approximately half of all deaths in such children.1 Beyond having a direct impact on mortality, undernutrition increases the frequency and severity of pneumonia episodes, potentially Cited by: Pneumonia is the leading cause of death due to infectious diseases in the United States; however, the incidence of most infections causing community-acquired pneumonia in adults is not well defined.

  A new study has found severe pneumonia decreases by 35 per cent in children who receive a vaccine against a pneumonia-causing bacteria. Your source for the latest research news.   Pneumonia killed more than , babies and young children last year - or one child every 39 seconds - despite being curable and mostly preventable, global .   New report highlights need for additional resources and innovations to prevent and treat two common illnesses. A new report finds some progress in combatting pneumonia and diarrhea among young children in the nations most severely impacted by the two diseases, but they remain responsible for hundreds of thousands of preventable deaths around the world. Pneumonia is a major global health issue, affecting approximately million people per year worldwide. It is commonly caused by the bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniae and disproportionately affects developing countries and people subject to poor living conditions. Within that demographic, children.

n engl j med ;5 y 30, The new england journal of medicine P neumonia is a leading infectious cause of hospitalization and death among adults in the United States,1,2 with. BackgroundMRSA remains a leading cause of hospital-acquired (HAP) and healthcare-associated pneumonia (HCAP). We describe the epidemiology and outcome of MRSA pneumonia in Canadian hospitals, and identify factors contributing to mortality. MethodsProspective surveillance for MRSA pneumonia in adults was done for one year () in 11 Canadian by: Typically characterized by a new lung infiltrate on chest x-ray, together with one or more of the following: fever, chills, cough, sputum production, dyspnea, myalgia, arthralgia, pleuritic pain. Order a chest x-ray in all patients with suspected community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) who are admitte.   On , the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment (CDPHE) was contacted by a family physician in Moffat County, Colorado ( population: 12,), about a .

epidemic of pneumonia amongst the native labourers on a mine on the Witwatersrand goldfields by David Ordman Download PDF EPUB FB2

The epidemic discussed occurred amongst the Native labourers on a gold mine situated some 16 miles from Johannesburg and employing ab Native adult male labourers It appeared to be the only mine in the Witwaters rand area to suffer and there was no change in conditions underground or on the surface to account for it though owing to trouble with the opening up of a new shaft there was a Cited by: 1.

An analysis is presented of the incidence and mortality rates of pneumonia among African mine-workers during the nine years followingsince, in fact, the mortality became stabilized after the introduction of by: 2. Full text Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version.

Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. In the early s, MSD conducted clinical trials among c.

gold miners at the Kloof Gold Mine and Gold Fields West near Johannesburg, led by Pieter Smit, demonstrating safety and a 76% reduction in pneumococcal pneumonia cases for the hexavalent vaccine and a 92% reduction in cases for the valent vaccine [59, 63].Cited by:   This “forgotten epidemic” is now responsible for 15 per cent of deaths in children under the age of five, and yet, just three per cent of global infectious disease research spending is allocated to the disease, the health partners explained.

In addition, the strong link between child pneumonia deaths and poverty is undeniable. The third leg of the argument about the hidden epidemic is more convincing, a problem that worried many of the mine doctors and government officials through this period: the continuous repatriation of workers suffering from tuberculosis and : Keith Derek Breckenridge.

The Influenza and Pneumonia Epidemic of In the ten months between September and June, Americans died of influenza and pneumonia. When compared to the number of Americans killed in combat in World War I, World War II, Korea, and Vietnam combined-it.

BY NOVEMBER OFwhen he convened a national committee to plan an attack on pneumonia, then the leading infectious cause of death in the country, Surgeon General Thomas Parran had placed pneumonia alongside tuberculosis and venereal disease as one of the nation’s foremost public health concerns.1 Yet by the end of World War II, pneumonia—William Osler’s “Captain of the Men of Cited by: 7.

Compared to the civilian population, military trainees are often at increased risk for respiratory infections. We investigated an outbreak of radiologically-confirmed pneumonia that was recognized after 2 fatal cases of serotype 7F pneumococcal meningitis were reported in a person military trainee company (Alpha Company).

We reviewed surveillance data on pneumonia and febrile Cited by: The percentage of deaths from pneumonia and influenza-like illnesses is considered epidemic across the country, according to the latest statistics from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Pneumonia remains the leading cause of childhood mortality and the most common reason for adult hospitalisation in low and middle income countries, despite advances in preventative and management strategies.

In the last decade, pneumonia mortality in children has fallen to approximately million cases inwith most deaths occurring in low income by: Pneumonia epidemic is deadliest child killer: Report The disease is preventable but still kills more children --under the age of five last year -- than any other infection, they said in a.

Pneumonia kills more children than any other infectious disease, claiming the lives of overchildren under five every year, or around 2, every day. This includes overnewborns.

Comparatively in, children under five died due to diarrhoea andto malaria. Globally, there are over 1, cases of pneumonia perchildren, or 1 case per 71 children. FastStats is an official application from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) and puts access to topic-specific statistics at your fingertips.

The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of pneumonia and secondary bacterial infections during the pandemic of influenza A(H1N1)pdm A systematic review was conducted to identify relevant literature in which clinical outcomes of pandemic influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 infection were described.

Published studies (between 01/01/ and 05/07/) describing cases of fatal or Cited by: 9. See, for example, George A. Turner, ‘Report on the prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis and allied diseases in the kraals of the natives of Portuguese East African territory, south of latitude 22°’ (Hayne and Gibson, Johannesburg, ) and ‘Tuberculosis in South African natives with special reference to the disease amongst the mine labourers of the Witwatersrand’ (South African Cited by: Deaths during the –19 influenza pandemic have been attributed to a hypervirulent influenza strain.

Hence, preparations for the next pandemic focus almost exclusively on vaccine prevention and antiviral treatment for infections with a novel influenza strain. However, we hypothesize that infections with the pandemic strain generally caused self-limited (rarely fatal) illnesses that enabled.

Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs that is usually caused by bacteria or viruses. Globally, pneumonia causes more deaths than any other infectious disease. Early Release Detection of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 RNA on Surfaces in Quarantine Rooms.

The Greek physician Hippocrates described the symptoms of pneumonia 2, years ago. But this affliction of the lungs still kills more people in the United States than any other infectious disease.

Analysis Of Adult Inpatient Deaths In The CDC- Etiology Of Pneumonia In The Community (EPIC) Study: Implications For Community-Acquired Pneumonia (CAP) Quality Of Care (QOC) Metrics Grant W. Waterer, Wesley H. Self, Timothy D. Girard, Christopher Trabue, Paul McNabb, D.

Courtney, Evan Anderson, Sherene Fakhran, Robert Balk, Carlos G. Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) is defined as pneumonia occurring at least 48 hours after hospital admission, excluding any infection incubating at the time of admission.

1 Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a particular subgroup of HAP for which the incidence, etiology, investigation and outcome are somewhat different. VAP is excluded from this chapter and is discussed in Practice. Group A Streptococcus, pneumonia that killed Jim Hensen (The Muppets creator) Streptococcus agalactiae common cause of pneumonia in month old patients: Typical pneumonia: inhalation of organisms as neonate passes down birth canal: Group B Streptococcus, usually causes pneumonia in.

Despite his condition, he wrote the book The Diving Bell and the Butterfly by blinking when the correct letter was reached by a person slowly reciting the alphabet over and over again.

Bauby had to compose and edit the book entirely in his head, and convey it one letter at a time. The book was published in France on March 7, Jeremy Beadle. INTRODUCTION. Slow or incomplete resolution of pneumonia despite treatment is a common clinical problem, estimated to be responsible for approximately 15 percent of inpatient pulmonary consultations and 8 percent of bronchoscopies [].There are a variety of reasons that a case of pneumonia might resolve slowly or incompletely, including those relating to the etiology of the pneumonia.

pneumoniae is the most common cause of nursing home–acquired pneumonia. 66 The potential of resistant strains to cause epidemic disease, with high case fatality rates among unvaccinated Cited by: In the early s, MSD conducted clinical trials among c.

gold miners at the Kloof Gold Mine and Gold Fields West near Johannesburg, led by Pieter Smit, demonstrating safety and a 76% reduction in pneumococcal pneumonia cases for the hexavalent vaccine and a 92% reduction in cases for the 12‐valent vaccine [59, 63].Cited by:   The pneumonia deaths during the influenza pandemic in proved so highly similar, pathologically, to the then-recent pneumonia deaths from the measles epidemics that noted experts considered them to be the result of one newly emerging disease: epidemic bacterial pneumonia precipitated by prevalent respiratory tract agents [20, 33, 63].Cited by: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is defined as an acute infection of the pulmonary parenchyma in a patient who has acquired the infection in the community, as distinguished from hospital-acquired (nosocomial) pneumonia (HAP).

CAP is a common and potentially serious illness. It is associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. Pneumonia is most often caused by an infection, and a wide variety of microbes can infect the lungs.

Many times pneumonia is due to bacteria, but it can also result from viruses, fungi, and other microbes. The most common cause of community-acquired pneumonia. Deaths from pneumonia and influenza have hit epidemic levels, according to a CDC report released Friday.

CDC's latest "FluView" report includes data on pneumonia and flu mortality rates, as well as flu cases reported in the United States through Jan.

21, which CDC considers to. The potential pathogens in patients with compromised immune system defenses are legion; they include those that cause community-acquired pneumonia as well as unusual pathogens.

Likely pathogens depend on the type of defect in immune system defenses (see table Pneumonia in Immunocompromised Patients).However, respiratory symptoms and changes on chest x-rays in immunocompromised.

More than three million cases occur annually in the United States. Pneumonia is more prevalent during the winter months and in colder climates. .The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation’s pneumonia strategy broadly reflects the Protect, Prevent, Treat framework used by the GAPPD.

We focus on the most prevalent causes of childhood pneumonia—the pneumococcus, influenza, and RSV—and we are continuing our longstanding investment in vaccines against meningococcus, which despite it not being a major cause of pneumonia, continues to cause.